Wereldrecord werkloosheid voor Gaza


Een jaar na het uitbreken van de oorlog in Gaza, zijn de meeste inwoners er amper op vooruit gegaan. Voor jongeren is er weinig hoop op werk, heropbouw of een veilige thuis, stelt ontwikkelingsorganisatie Oxfam. Met een werkloosheidsgraad van 67.9% onder -24-jarigen haalt Gaza een triest wereldrecord.

Little has been done to prevent another conflict or ensure development to reverse Gaza's economic collapse. Even among graduates, unemployment is at 40 percent. The lack of opportunities is forcing growing numbers of young people to risk their lives or arrest attempting to climb over the border fence into Israel to look for work. The trauma of the conflict and the stress of living under blockade, unable to leave Gaza, left an estimated 300,000 young people in Gaza in need of psychosocial support.

The conflict dealt a further blow to Gaza's economy, which has been battered by eight years of the Israeli blockade, which restricts people and goods from leaving and essential construction material from entering. The economy is increasingly reliant on international aid, on which 80 percent of people in Gaza now depend.

Catherine Essoyan, Oxfam's Regional Manager:

"If there is to be any hope of a lasting solution to the conflict, young people need a future they can look forward to - one in which they can study, pursue their dreams in life, be able to afford to start their own families with hope for their own children. Gaza needs urgent rebuilding, but its people also need to be able to move and trade, and to have jobs in a functioning economy. Long term peace will require economic development and ensuring people's basic rights, which can only come through an end to the blockade."

The slow rate of reconstruction means that many of today's teenagers in Gaza will be elderly parents by the time it is completed, with the latest estimates suggesting it will take more than 70 years to build the homes that Gaza needs. While some repairs to damaged buildings have been made, not  one of the homes that were completely destroyed by last year's bombing has yet been rebuilt. Twenty schools and kindergartens that were destroyed are still in rubble, as well as hospitals, clinics and other essential infrastructure. Palestinian political factions also need to work together to ensure reconstruction.

The government of Israel's enforced separation of Gaza from the West Bank has had a devastating impact on its economy and employment, with the World Bank recently estimating a cost of $3.9 billion to Gaza's current GDP. The number of people working in Gaza's once thriving construction industry has fallen by more than 50 percent since the blockade began, despite the urgent needs to rebuild Gaza after the conflict. Agricultural output dropped by 31 percent last year alone. Even for people in work, salaries have dropped by 15 percent since the blockade began in 2007, from 69.1 NIS per day down to 61.4 NIS per day. In the agriculture and fishing sector salaries have fallen by 26 percent. The closure of the border with Egypt has further restricted people's movement.

Despite last year's temporary ceasefire, violence against civilians has continued. There have been six Palestinian rockets fired into Israel, as well as around 170 test rockets fired, mostly into the sea, and more than 700 incidents of Israeli fire into Gaza in the same period. "Access Restricted Areas" inside Gaza and along the coast - enforced by the Israeli military - have cut Palestinian farmers off from up to a third of Gaza’s fertile farmland and prevented fishermen from making a living. Since last year's ceasefire there have been more than 300 incidents of naval fire at or towards fishermen alone - more than one every day.

  •     werkloosheidsgraad in Gaza, zie rapport Wereldbank mei 2015
  •     telefonische interviews mogelijk met Oxfam-medewerkers in Gaza

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Belinda Torres Leclercq

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